martes, 10 de abril de 2018

Phrasal verbs: relationships



  1. Match the phrasal verbs above with the definitions below
    Ask somebody out somewhere
    fall out with / over something
    get on with somebody 
    Get over something
    go out with somebody
    let somebody down
    split up with somebody
  1. Have a good relationship with somebody: …………………………………………….
  2. End a romantic relationship: …………………………………………….
  3. Have a romantic relationship with somebody: …………………………………………….
  4. Have an argument with somebody: …………………………………………….
  5. Recover from something: …………………………………………….
  6. Disappoint someone: …………………………………………….
  7. Invite somebody to go somewhere: …………………………………………….


  1. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verb

  1. It took me years to ………………………………………. my parents’ divorce.
  2. I ………………………. really well with my boyfriend. I think we have a lot in common.
  3. They ………………………………………. some money and now they’re not speaking.
  4. You know it’s a mistake to rely on Simon. He always ……………… you ……………………….
  5. Chris and Amanda ……………………………. just before Christmas. Chris is very upset.
  6. I ……………… Neil ………………………. to the cinema yesterday and he said “yes”.
  7. I think Alex and Jill ………………………………………. for quite a long time – almost two years.



Key

  1. Get on with somebody
  2. Split up with somebody
  3. Go out with somebody
  4. Fall out with/over somebody
  5. Get over something
  6. Let somebody down
  7. Ask somebody out somewhere



  1. Get over
  2. Get on
  3. Fell out over
  4. Lets – down
  5. Split up
  6. Asked – out
  7. Have been going out

Adjectives



1. Place the following adjectives in the correct column

bright, deafening, dim, dull, guilty, loud, 
quick, shining, strong, sudden, violent, uneasy

Light Noise Movement Feeling

















2. Complete the sentences with a suitable adjective


1. Despite the ……………………………… light, he could see that the figure was a woman.

2. Polly had an ……………………………… feeling that something terrible could happen to her.

3. The strange figure made a ……………………………… movement and then disappeared.

4. There was some ……………………………… music in the bar, but I could still hear what he was saying.

5. The light was so ……………………………… that I had to cover my eyes.

6. There was a ……………………………… sound as the old building collapsed.




KEY

Light Noise Movement Feeling
Bright Deafening Quick Guilty
Dim Loud Sudden Strong
Shining Dull Violent Uneasy





  1. Dim
  2. Uneasy
  3. Sudden
  4. Loud
  5. Bright
  6. Deafening

Prepositions: National School Walkout

Complete the text with prepositions


   Students …............ the USA took part …............ a protest .. Wednesday. Tens …..... thousands of high-schoolers walked …...... of their schools …..... protest …..... gun violence. They chose March 14 …......their protest as that marks a month since the February 14 Florida shooting in which 17 students lost their lives. …...... Stoneman Douglas High School, where last month's tragedy took place, students gathered on the football field ….....17 minutes to remember their lost classmates. One student said: "The walkout was for those who will never be here again, but we're fighting …. those who might be next." Another student said: "I came out because ….. what happened in Florida, but also because ….... what happens in my neighborhood every day."
     
     In the U.S. capital, Washington DC, hundreds …... students gathered outside the White House protest. They sat …......... their backs turned to the building for 17 minutes. They then took part in chants against the powerful gun group the National Rifle Association (NRA). U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren joined the crowds and spoke at a rally outside the Capitol building. She said: "The NRA has held Congress hostage …..... years now. These young people have shown up to free us. I believe the young people will lead us." Many of the students ....the crowd wanted to remind President Donald Trump that they would be old enough …... vote in the 2020 elections, so he should listen ….... them now.

______________________________________

KEY
Students in the USA took part in a protest on Wednesday. Tens of thousands of high-schoolers walked out of their schools to protest against gun violence. They chose March 14 for their protest as that marks a month since the February 14 Florida shooting in which 17 students lost their lives. At Stoneman Douglas High School, where last month's tragedy took place, students gathered on the football field for 17 minutes to remember their lost classmates. One student said: "The walkout was for those who will never be here again, but we're fighting for those who might be next." Another student said: "I came out because of what happened in Florida, but also because of what happens in my neighborhood every day."
In the U.S. capital, Washington DC, hundreds of students gathered outside the White House to protest. They sat with their backs turned to the building for 17 minutes. They then took part in chants against the powerful gun group the National Rifle Association (NRA). U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren joined the crowds and spoke at a rally outside the Capitol building. She said: "The NRA has held Congress hostage for years now. These young people have shown up to free us. I believe the young people will lead us." Many of the students in the crowd wanted to remind President Donald Trump that they would be old enough to vote in the 2020 elections, so he should listen to them now.
   

Amazon

     


     There is no doubt that online shopping is big business. Amazon, the world’s biggest retailer, had a net sales figure of over $61 billion in 2012. The retail giant, which was founded by Jeff Bezos in 1994, started off as an online bookshop. Then it widened its product range to CDs, DVDs, software and other electronics. Nowadays, it sells everything from food and cosmetics to jewellery, toys and kitchen appliances.

     However, shopping online can be a problematic experience for customers. Not being able to touch the product or at least see it properly is a big disadvantage. It is often difficult to know what a product is really like until it lands on your doorstep. And then what it you don’t like it? Of course, you can send it back, but many potential customers see that as a risk.

     That’s why Amazon’s customer reviews are so important. Reviews are written by customers who have already bought and tried out the product. They are often considered more reliable than the information that you get from the manufacturer of the product because, it is claimed, the reviews are written by real people. These people take the time to praise – or warn other customers about – a product that they have spent their hard-earned money on.

     However, a recent report on National Public Radio (NPR) in the USA has revealed that the most frequent reviewers on Amazon aren’t really customers like you and me. They are people who have sent thousands of dollars’ worth of products by manufacturers every week to use and write about on the website. Amazon has set up a system whereby top reviewers are invited to review the products that are sold on the site. Each week, they are sent a list of products available for review. The number of products is limited so you have to choose quickly if you want to get the more interesting items. Otherwise you could end up reviewing a roll of adhesive tape. Once the reviewers have chosen what they what to review, the products are sent to them by courier for free.

   These reviewers are obliged to review the products within thirty days and they are not subsequently allowed to sell or give them away. What’s more, Amazon can ask reviewers to return the products at any time, although this has never happened. Nevertheless, before you dismiss the system as somehow dishonest or misleading, you must remember that Amazon are very clear about another requirement of their top reviewers – they insist on honest reviews that will help customers make better choices. The bottom line is better choices make happier customers.

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
    a) When Amazon was first set up, it sold books, DDs, DVDs , software and other electronics.
    b) Customers don’t mind buying online, since they can return the products they don’t like.
    c) Reviewers have a limited time to review the product.
    d) Amazon wants reviewers to tell the truth about the products they write about.


Question 2:[2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.

a) What are the disadvantages of shopping online, according to the article?
b) Who writes Amazon reviews? Why are they considered reliable?
 

Question 3:[1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.

a) number (p. 1) b) test, examine (p. 3) c) trustworthy (p. 3) d) found, create (p. 4) e) reject (p. 5)

Question 4: [1.5 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b, c or d) according to the text.

1. National Public Radio

a) found out that Amazon reviewers don’t really exist.
b) found out that top reviewers were not really normal customers.
c) have worked as reviewers for Amazon.
d) has worked as reviewers for Amazon.

2. Why do the reviewers have to choose products quickly?

a) Because the choice of products is small and not all the products are interesting.
b) Because Amazon sends out a list of products every week.
c) Because most of the products are boring.
d) Because the time is limited.

3. Reviewers

a) can sell or give away the products.
b) can always keep the products.
c) have to send the product back to Amazon if asked.
d) must send the product back even though Amzon doesn’t ask for it.

Question 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:
Advantages and disadvantages of buying online.





KEY

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

    a) False. started off as an online bookshop.
    b) False. Of course, you can send it back, but many potential customers see that as a risk.
    c) True. These reviewers are obliged to review the products within thirty days
    d) True. they insist on honest reviews

Question 2: [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.

   a) Customers cannot touch or see the products they have bought. They cannot be sure what the products really look like until they get them. They also run the risk of being disappointed when they see the products.

    b) They are customers who have bought and tried out the products. They are considered reliable because they are real people who have spent their money on the products.


Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.

   a) Figure b) try out / tried out / have tried out c) reliable d) set up / has set up e) dismiss

Question 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b, c or d) according to the text.

    b) found out that top reviewers were not really normal customers.
    a) Because the choice of products is small and not all the products are interesting.
    c) have to send the product back to Amazon if asked.


Scots crash survivor targets 2022 Winter Paralympics

   


     A man who lost his lower right leg seven years ago when he was hit by a car has set his sights on becoming a Paralympic snowboarder.
     Lewis-born Andy Macleod had been cycling to a friend's house when he was thrown more than 60m (196ft) into the air in the crash in Fort William.
     He required months of hospital treatment and also rehabilitation for a brain injury.
     Andy is snowboarding with use of a prosthetic limb.
     At the time of the crash in March 2011 he was 18 and a university student.
    The outdoor pursuits enthusiast had taken up snowboarding just months earlier.
   Andy, who was born in Stornoway and grew up in Stirling, said: "When I first went to university everyone was a snowboarder or a skier, and I was so excited to get involved.
     "I picked up a snowboard in my first year and felt like a natural."
    Recalling the crash that caused him life-changing injuries, he said: "My leg was amputated on impact with the vehicle and I don't remember anything about the accident, that whole day or two weeks after."
    The driver of the car was later jailed for 10 months for dangerous driving and banned from driving for three-and-a-half years.ia
    Andy's recovery has included receiving care from Dorset Orthopaedic. It has helped him with the fitting of prosthetic limbs, including one for use with a snowboard. Through involvement with Disability Snowsport UK he was introduced to the GB Para Snowsport team.
    Following an evaluation by the team, he was successful in qualifying for the home nations' academy in the sport of snowboard cross racing.
    Andy is currently in Austria taking part in a six-week training camp which will help him prepare for competitions later this year.
    His goal is to be selected for the 2022 Winter Paralympics in Beijing.



Find words of phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
  1. To intend to do something (paragraph 1)
  2. To start doing an activity (paragraph 1)
  3. To take part in something (paragraph 2)
  4. Having an impact on somebody (paragraph 2)
  5. Exclude, prohibit (paragraph 3)
  6. Assessment, estimation (paragraph 3)
  7. Now, at present (paragraph 4)
  8. Objective, aim (paragraph 4)

KEY
  1. To set his sights on / Set his sights on
  2. To take up / Take up / Had taken up
  3. To get involved / Get involved
  4. Life-changing
  5. To ban / Ban / Banned
  6. Evaluation
  7. Currently
  8. Goal

martes, 3 de abril de 2018

Meet Dindim, the penguin who returns to his human soulmate every year


Four years ago, Joao Pereira de Souza, 71, found a South American Magellanic penguin covered in oil and starving on a beach on an island off the coast of Rio de Janeiro. A friendship was born. 

Since they met in 2011, the creature, which normally breeds on the Patagonia coasts of Argentina and Chile, three to five thousand miles away, has become a faithful companion, swimming every year from its habitat to spend up to eight months living with the retired fisherman in his house on the island.

I love the penguin like it’s my own child and I believe the penguin loves me,” said Mr Pereira de Souza in an interview with Globo TV, in which the bird honks with delight as he recognises his human friend. “No one else is allowed to touch him. He pecks them if they do. He lays on my lap, lets me give him showers, allows me to feed him sardines and to pick him up,” said Mr Pereira who has named the penguin Dindim.

Mr Pereira de Souza believes Dindim formed a bond with him after he found it stranded on the beach and took him home. Over a week he cleaned the creature’s tarred feathers in the shower, fed him a daily diet of fish to improve his strength then took him back to the sea to let him go.

But he wouldn’t leave, he stayed with me for 11 months and then just after he changed his coat with new feathers he disappeared,” recalled Mr Pereira de Souza. “Everyone said he wouldn’t return but he has been coming back to visit me for the past four years. He arrives in June and leaves to go home in February and every year he becomes more affectionate as he appears even happier to see me.

Biologist Joao Paulo Krajewski, who interviewed Mr Pereira de Souza for Globo TV, told The Independent: “I have never seen anything like this before. I think the penguin believes Joao is part of his family and probably a penguin as well. When he sees him he wags his tail like a dog and honks with delight.”

Penguins live for about 25 years and are known for their loyalty to their mates, staying with the same partner until they die. However, environmentalists warn that, while hundreds of the Magellanic species are known to naturally migrate thousands of miles north in search of food, there has been a worrying rise in the phenomenon of oceanic creatures washing up on Brazil’s beaches. Between 2010 and 2013, the Humpback Whale Institute in Bahia recorded more than 180 cases of mammals stranded along the Brazilian coast.


Question 1 (2 points) Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
a. The penguin reproduces in Rio de Janeiro.
b. The penguin is friendly to most people, as well as to Mr. Pereira.
c. Most people didn’t believe the penguin would come back.
d. Penguins keep the same partner for most of their life.

Question 2 (2 points) Answer the following questions in your own words.
a. What did the  biologist Joao Paulo Krajewski, say about Mr Pereira de Souza in their interview?
b.  What do environmentalists comment about oceanic creatures?

Question 3 (1.5 points) Find words or phrases in the text that correspond in meaning to the words and definitions given.
a. very hungry (par. 1) b. loyal (par. 2)           c. close relationship  (par. 4)
d. move from side to side (par. 6)  e. increase (par. 7)

Question 4 (1.5 points) choose the correct answer
  1. A South American Magellanic penguin ….
  1. found covered in oil.
  2. was found covered in oil.
  3. found Joao Pereira covered in oil.
  1. Dindim …………………..
  1. is believed to have formed a bond with Mr Souza.
  2. believes to have formed a bond with Mr Souza.
  3. was believed to be forming a bond with Mr Souza.
  1. Dindim disappeared ….
  1. instead of changing his feathers.
  2. before he changed his feathers.
  3. as soon as he changed his feathers.
Question 5 (3 points) Write a short essay (120-150 words) on the following topic:

What can be done to help save animals in danger of extinction?

 


KEY

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
a) FALSE “ the creature, which normally breeds on the Patagonia coasts of Argentina and Chile”
b) FALSE “No one else is allowed to touch him. He pecks them if they do”
c) TRUE “Everyone said he wouldn’t return”
d) TRUE “Penguins live for about 25 years and are known for their loyalty to their mates, staying with the same partner until they die”

Question 2 [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words.

a) - never seen that before
     - penguin believes Joao is part of family (even a penguin)
b) - usually go north for food / -now stranded on Brazil's beaches / - many cases recorded

Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
a) starving
b) faithful
c) bond
d) wags / (to) wag
e) rise

Question 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b or c) according to the text.

  1. b) was found covered in oil.
  2. a) is believed to have formed a bond with Mr Souza.
  3. c) as soon as he changed his feathers.

Phrasal verbs health and fitness


1. Match the phrasal verbs with the definitions

Build up, burn off, come down with, come 
round, cut down, get over, pass out

  1.  Increase:………………………………………….
  2. Get an illness: ………………………………………….
  3. Become unconscious: ………………………………………….
  4. Consume less of something: ………………………………………….
  5. Use calories: ………………………………………….
  6. Recover consciousness: ………………………………………….
  7. Recover from an illness: ………………………………………….
2. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs from exercise 1

1. You need to …………………………………………. your strength if you’re going to run the marathon next month.
2. If you want to lose weight, you need to …………………………………………. more calories than you eat.
3. Nigel should …………………………………………. cigarettes. He smokes nearly a packet a day.
4. A lot of people …………………………………………. colds or flu in the winter.
5. When I got out of bed this morning, I …………………………………………. . My sister found me on the floor.
6. It took me a long time to …………………………………………. my operation.
7. Anna was unconscious for five minutes before she ………………………………………….



Key
  1. Build up
  2. Come down with
  3. Pass out
  4. Cut down
  5. Burn off
  6. Come round
  7. Get over
  1. Build up
  2. Burn off
  3. Cut down
  4. Come down with
  5. Passed out
  6. Get over
  7. Came round

How Mary Quant's mini skirt liberated women




This week marks Mary Quant’s 84th birthday. Famous and infamous for creating the scandalous mini-skirt, journalist and author of She: A Celebration of 100 Renegade Women, Harriet Hall, charts the impact of Quant’s contribution to women’s liberation through fashion, and shows that Quant’s legacy runs so much farther than a high hemline.


If you close your eyes and conjure a vision of the stereotyped feminist, she’s probably in baggy dungarees, flexing her bicep with a handkerchief about her head. Or perhaps she’s wearing a pair of loose jeans and Doc Martens, dangling a blazing bra in her hand? Whatever you imagine, she’s probably not wearing a miniskirt, is she? And yet, for a spell in the Swinging Sixties, she most certainly was.

Inspired by the young women around her in London’s trendy Chelsea, Mary Quant began experimenting with hemlines in the early 1960s, rolling skirts at the waist and chopping them short. By 1964, she had created the thigh-grazing mini, so named after her favourite car. She had no formal design training and scant knowledge of how to run a business, but what she did have was a sense of what young women wanted.

“From the very start, customers were four-deep outside the window,” Quant recalls in the Mail Online. “Within ten days, we hardly had a piece of the original merchandise left.”

Whilst the debate over who first invented the garment rages on among the fashion set (the French credit André Courrèges for first daring to raise hemlines quite that high), it was undoubtedly Quant who commercialised the mini and brought it to the masses. Sold at her King’s Road boutique, Bazaar, Quant’s mini was simple and playful, modelled in bright fabrics with coloured tights, knee-high boots and Peter Pan collars. It was affordable and easy to wear; a youthful look signifying an energetic innocence that belied its rebelliousness. When adopted by gamine model-of-the-moment Twiggy, it was embraced wholeheartedly by the daring fashion-conscious.

The skirt sent shockwaves through society, with many dubbing it vulgar. Even Chanel questioned: ‘Have they all gone mad?’ in the New York Times in 1965 (her hemlines always remained safely below the knee). Soon enough, though, the trend bubbled up from the streets and savvy designers like Yves Saint Laurent and Pierre Cardin caught on, designing their own even shorter versions, the micro-mini.

The mini’s meteoric rise coincided with the nascent women’s movement of the era. Commercial availability of the pill in 1961 encouraged sexual liberation and the miniskirt was the symbol of the movement, worn by feminist frontrunners such as Germaine Greer and Gloria Steinem. “It was a sign of a new attitude for those who wore it,” says Rebecca Arnold, professor of dress and textiles at the Courtauld Institute of Art. “It symbolised to those around them that times were changing and women were active and visible.” So aligned with women’s lib was mini that when Dior showed longer hemlines in 1966, a group calling themselves the ‘British Society for the Protection of Mini Skirts’, protested outside his show.

Above all, the mini was comfortable. It liberated the female form from the cinched, waspish waists and bell skirts of the 1950s. “Designers like Quant rejected the stiff, constricting styles and undergarments of previous decades in favour of looser mini skirts and dresses,” says Emma McClendon, Associate Curator of Costume at The Museum at FIT. It was perfect for the Swinging Sixties. But despite its feminist allegiance, the mini celebrated only certain women: “The ideal physique to wear the new mini styles was very young and very thin, which gave rise to dieting culture,” says McClendon, whose current exhibition ‘The Body: Fashion and Physique,’ explores this phenomenon. “Women were increasingly expected to obtain and maintain a fashionable physique.”

The reign of the mini came to an end with the 1970s and the prevailing trend for flowing hippie skirts and flares. In the 1980s it re-emerged in power suits as women broke into the boardroom, and was later embraced by the Spice Girls’ brand of girl power feminism.




Question 1

Indicate whether the following statements are True or False and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

  1.     Harriet Hall attributes the success of the mini skirt to women’s liberation.
  2.     Mary Quant called her creation “mini” because it was very small.
  3.     Mary Quant studied fashion design at university.
  4.     At the beginning she didn’t sell many skirts.
  5.     The mini skirt was not expensive and it was comfortable.
  6.     After Mary Quant some designers created their own mini skirts.
  7.     The feminist movement adopted the mini skirt as a symbol.
  8.     ‘The British Society for the Protection of Mini Skirts’ liked Dior’s longer skirts of 1966.
  9.     The mini skirt was appropriate for women of all sizes.
  10.     The mini skirt continued to be trendy in the 1970s.


KEY

  1.     True. Harriet Hall, charts the impact of Quant’s contribution to women’s liberation.
  2.     False. She had created the thigh-grazing mini, so named after her favourite car.
  3.     False. She had no formal design training and scant knowledge of how to run a business.
  4.     False. “From the very start, customers were four-deep outside the window,” Quant records in the Mail Online. “Within ten days, we hardly had a piece of the original merchandise left.”
  5.     True. It was affordable and easy to wear.
  6.     True. Designers like Yves Saint Laurent and Pierre Cardin caught on, designing their own even shorter versions, the micro-mini.
  7.     True. The miniskirt was the symbol of the movement, worn by feminist frontrunners such as Germaine Greer and Gloria Steinem. “It was a sign of a new attitude for those who wore it,”
  8.     False. When Dior showed longer hemlines in 1966, a group calling themselves the ‘British Society for the Protection of Mini Skirts’, protested outside his show.
  9.     False. The mini celebrated only certain women: The ideal physique to wear the new mini styles was very young and very thin.
  10.     False. The reign of the mini came to an end with the 1970s and the prevailing trend for flowing hippie skirts and flares.